What is the difference between serum and cream?
Roughly speaking, skin care can be divided into two categories; gunpowder and love. Gunpowder is a product that contains a lot of active ingredients, which can correct your skin. Love are products that nourish, moisturize and give the skin a glow. The skin needs both, and together they become the best.
Serum is powder, and contains up to 70% more active ingredient compared to a cream. Gunpowder does not provide direct care to the skin and therefore a little love is needed in the form of a good face cream over. Facial serums are often thinner than creams. The reason for this is that a serum has a smaller molecular size than a cream, and this allows the serum to penetrate deeper into the skin. In this way, the serum can affect the skin cells where they are created and this will give visible results on the surface.
It is best to choose a serum based on your skin's needs. Of which a cream has many tasks, then serum is more "on target" on the problem. For example. dry skin, lines, signs of aging, pimples or pigment spots.
Examples of ingredients in serum:
- Hyaluronic acid (eg in Gold Serum) helps the skin to bind moisture and plump the skin.
- Vitamin C (eg in C-serum) strengthens collagen, reduces pigment spots and helps with protection from the sun.
- Vitamin A (eg in Age Saver Serum) helps with signs of aging such as lines, wrinkles and pigmentation.
- Salicylic acid (eg in Salicylic Serum) dissolves sebum in the pores and helps reduce acne breakouts.
We recommend combining different serums, and using one during the day and one at night.
The day cream's main tasks are to protect, provide care and love. It is intended to protect against external influences, such as radiation from the sun and other light, against pollution, free radicals, dirt and microbes (including bacteria and viruses). In addition, the day cream should protect against moisture loss. The moisture in our skin evaporates easily, especially in winter, when the air is cold and dry. The active ingredients we add to the skin in serum, the skin will be able to hold on better, if we have a good cream over.
A good day cream also contains nourishing ingredients, but a day cream should first and foremost help the skin to protect itself, as well as retain moisture and nutrients.
The first thing to keep in mind is that you should avoid sleeping with creams that contain sunscreen. Even though sunscreen with a sun factor has a lighter filter than what you find in regular sunscreens, it is still something that can irritate, clog pores and lead to impurities. In addition, a day cream with a factor may not contain as many active ingredients for anti-aging or other skin conditions precisely because it is made to protect against UV rays (spf takes up a lot of space in the cream). Thus, the skin does not get as much help to regenerate, and you do not achieve the maximum of what a night cream can do for your skin.
When you sleep, the skin repairs damage it has received during the day, and it needs the best possible conditions to do the best job possible.
During the day, the skin is exposed to external and internal influences, such as pollution, sun, cigarette smoke and stress. These form free radicals in the skin. During the day, therefore, the skin is concerned with protecting itself from the harmful effects of these free radicals.
When night comes, the skin can relax and start the repair process after the day's stresses. The skin cells in the epidermis (epidermis) divide faster at night than during the day, and work hard to recover before the next day.
This requires a lot of energy and increases microcirculation. Increased microcirculation improves nutrient uptake and removes waste products faster. The increased activity in the skin causes the temperature in the skin to increase, and thus water also evaporates faster.
If the skin becomes dehydrated during the night, the skin cells' ability to repair themselves is reduced, and we miss this opportunity for repair.
Regardless of skin type, your night cream should be a little richer (fatter) than the day cream.